Book of Manners- Chapter 1 (part A)

I. The Manners of Reciting The Qur’an & Related Issues

  • The Prophet (SAW) said:

    “The person who is proficient in the Quran is with the Safarah (the Messengers or the Angels), the Kiraam (those that are close to Allah (SWT)), and the Bararah (those that are obedient to Allah). As for the person who read the Qur’an, though it is difficult for him and though he stutters, he has two rewards.” [Bukhari 4937]

    • This is one of my favorite hadeeth because it’s so encouraging for someone who struggles with reading fluently. Like, it’s hard & it frustrates you? Don’t worry; you’re rewarded twice. Islam is so beautiful, alhamdulillah.

II. The Manners Related To Reciting The Qur’an

  1. Strive to be Sincere When you Learn and Recite the Quran
    • “When you recite the Quran, you are performing an act of worship, for which you are seeking Allah’s pleasure and reward. This, as well as all other acts of worship must fulfill two conditions: sincerity and Mutaa’ba’ah (following the Prophets (S) in the way one performs the act of worship)
    • Abu Hurairah (R) related that the Messenger of Allah (SWT)  said:[Another among the fist to be judged is] a man who learned the Qur’an, taught it, and recited it. He will be brought [forward]; the blessings he received will be mentioned to him and he will acknowledge them. The He will say, “What did you do for them?” The man will say, ‘I learned knowledge and taught it. And I recited the Qur’an for You.’ He will say, ‘You have lied, but instead you learned knowledge so that it would be said: [He is] a scholar; and you recited Qur’an, so that it would be said: He is a recited, and [both statements] have been said. Then an order will be given regarding him; he will be dragged on his face until he is thrown into the Hellfire” [Muslim 1905]
  2. Apply The Teaching of the Qur’an
    • You apply the Qur’ans teaching by deeming lawful what it permits, and deeming forbidden what it forbids; by avoiding what it prohibits and acting on its commands; by applying its clear verses and believing in its unclear verses; and by applying all of its laws and precepts.
  3. Consistently Recite and Student The Qur’an
    • If one who memorizes the Qur’an does not revise it frequently and consistently, he will forget the portions he memorized, for the Qur’an escapes quickly.
    • From the Hadeeth of Abu Moosa (R), the Prophet (S) said:”Maintain the Qur’an (by revising it frequently), for by the One Who has my soul in His Hand, it goes away more intensely than do camels from their hobbles.” [Bukhari 5033]
      • Camels are singled out in this example because they are notorious for fleeing and because they are difficult to retrieve once they have fled.
  4. You should Not Say “I Forgot”; Instead, Say “I Was Made To Forget.”
    • Q: What is the ruling regarding one who memorizes the Qur’an or parts of it, but then forgets what he memorized?
      • A: The Permanent Council Of Scholarly Research in Saudi Arabia gave this answer: It is certainly not appropriate for one who memorized the Qur’an to be derelict in reciting and maintaining it; instead he should revise a set amount daily, to help him maintain the Qur’an and to prevent him from forgetting… But if one memorizes a portions of the Qur’an and then forgets it because he was careless and because he became busy, he is not sinning. All ahaadeeth that mention any kind of punishment for someone who forgets what he memorized from the Qur’an are not authentically related from the Prophet (S). And success lies with Allah (SWT).
  5. It Is Compulsory to Contemplate The Qur’an
    • Ibn As-Sa’dee explained that contemplating the Qur’an means to contemplate its meaning, to reflect on its teachings, aims, and wisdom. Contemplating the Qur’an is the key to and fountainhead of all knowledge. It is through contemplation of the Quran that one’s Imaan (Faith) increases in his heart. In contemplating the Qur’an, one becomes acquainted with his Lord, His Perfect qualities… Furthermore, one learns the way to worship Allah (SWT) and becomes able to distinguish between the people of righteousness and the people of evil
    • كِتَابٌ أَنزَلْنَاهُ إِلَيْكَ مُبَارَكٌ لِّيَدَّبَّرُوا آيَاتِهِ وَلِيَتَذَكَّرَ أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ

      [This is] a blessed Book which We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], that they might reflect upon its verses and that those of understanding would be reminded. [Quran 38:29]

       

  6. The Permissiblity Of Reciting The Quran While One  Is Standing, Walking, Riding, Sitting, Or Laying Down
    • الَّذِينَ يَذْكُرُونَ اللَّهَ قِيَامًا وَقُعُودًا وَعَلَىٰ جُنُوبِهِمْ وَيَتَفَكَّرُونَ فِي خَلْقِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ رَبَّنَا مَا خَلَقْتَ هَٰذَا بَاطِلًا سُبْحَانَكَ فَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

      Who remember Allah while standing or sitting or [lying] on their sides and give thought to the creation of the heavens and the earth, [saying], “Our Lord, You did not create this aimlessly; exalted are You [above such a thing]; then protect us from the punishment of the Fire. [Quran 3:191]

    • From the Sunnah, we learn that the Prophet (S) would recite the Qur’an in various positions
      • Abdullah Ibn Mughaffal said, “On the day of the Makkah Conquest, I saw the Messenger of Allah reciting Surat Fath (48) while he was on his riding camel.” [Bukhari 5034]
  7. Only The Purified May Touch The Qur’an
    • لَّا يَمَسُّهُ إِلَّا الْمُطَهَّرُونَ

      None touch it except the purified. [Quran 56:79]

    • Q: Is it permissible for one who is in a state of impurity to hold the Qur’an via a barrier, such as a piece of cloth or the cloth of one’s garments?
      • A: Yes, one may hold the Qur’an via a barrier, because in doing so, one is not physically touching the Qur’an. Shaikh Al-Islam issued this ruling and said hat it applies regardless of whether the cloth used is that of a man, woman, or child, and regardless of whether one holds it from above or below. And Allah (SWT) knows best.
  8. The Permissiblility of Reciting the Qur’an from Memory For One Who Is In A Minor State Of Impurity
    • If one is Junub, in a major state of impurity (this results, for instance, from engaging in sexual intercourse or having a wet dream, one continues to remain in this state until he takes a shower), it is categorically forbidden for him to recite the Qur’an, which means he may neither touch the Qur’an or read from it directly nor recite it from memory
    • But if one is in a minor state of impurity (which results, for example, from sleeping, passing wind, defecating, or urinating), then it is permissible for him to at least recite the Qur’an from memory.
      • Abdullah Ibn Abbaas (R) said, “In the middle of the night- or just before or just after- the Messenger of Allah woke up, sat up, and wiped the sleep from his face with his hand He then recited the last ten verses of Surah Ali ‘Imraan (3), after which he stood up to a canteen that as suspended. He then made ablution, performing it well.”
    • Q: Is it permissible for a person who is in a minor state of impurity to read directly from the Qur’an (while touching it)?
      • A: The Permanent Council For Scientific Researches ( in Saudi Arabia) gave the following answer: If one is Junub, he may not recite the Qur’an until he takes a shower; he may neither read from the Qur’an directly nor recite it from memory. And only after one is Completely purified, from both the minor and major state of impurity, may one read directly from the Qur’an.
    • Q: Which is better for the reader- to read from memory or to read directly from the Qur’an?
      • A: The scholars are in disagreement concerning this issue. Some hold that it is better to read from one’s memory, while other maintain that it is better to read directly from the Qur’an. The latter group represents the majority of scholars, they say it is better to read directly because there is the added precision and blessings of seeing the Qur’an, blessings that are not necessarily tangible or directly felt. However, there remains a third group of scholars who opinion in the matter lies somewhere in between: Ibn Katheer said, “Some scholars say, ‘The matter really revolves around humility and presence of heart; if these are found in greater abundance when one reads from memory, then it is better for him to read from memory; but if they are found in greater abundance when one is reading directly from the Qur’an, then reading directly from the Qur’an is better. And if one finds he has an equal amount of humility when reading directly or when reading from memory, then reading directly from the Qur’an is better, because better precision is achieved and because there is the added distinction of looking at the Qur’an.'”
  9. The Permissibility Of Reciting The Qur’an for Menstruating Women and Women Experiencing Post-Natal Bleeding
    • The Permanent Council For Scientific Researches ( in Saudi Arabia) issued this ruling: “There is nothing wrong in these two categories of women reciting the Qur’an without touching it: menstruating women and women experiencing post-natal bleeding. This is the stronger of the two opinions held by different scholars in this issue, for there is no authentic proof established from the Prophet (S) which indicates a prohibition in this regard.”
  10. It Is Recommended To Clean One’s Mouth with Siwaak Before Reciting The Quran
    • If one intends to recite Allah’s speech, he does well to clean his mouth and give it a good smell with As-Siwaak or with anything else through which cleanliness is achieved. This saying of Hudhaifah (R) indicates something to the effect of said practice: “When the Prophet (S) would wake up at night for Tahajjud (late-night prayer), he would rub and clean his mouth with As-Siwaak.” [Bukhari 1136]

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